Selected publications - thematic list

Urban perspective: Healthy sustainable cities

  • Elmqvist T, Gatzweiler F, Lindgren E, LiuIn J (2019). Resilience Management for Healthy Cities in a Changing Climate. In: Biodiversity and Health in the face of Climate Change; eds: Marselle MR, Stadler J, Korn H, Irvine KN, Bonn A. Springer, ISBN978-3-030-02317-1
  • Elmqvist T, Siri J, Andersson E, Anderson P, Bai X, Das PK, Gatere T, Gonzalez A, Goodness J, Handel SN, Hermansson Török E, Kavonic J, Kronenberg J, Lindgren E, Maddox D, Maher R, Mbow C, McPhearson T, Mulligan J, Nordenson G, Spires M, Stenkula U, Takeuchi K, Vogel C (2018). Urban Tinkering. Sustainability Science. Published online 06 Aug 2018. DOI: 10.1007/s11625-018-0611-0
  • Lindgren E, Almqvist MS, Elmqvist T (2018). Ecosystems services and health benefits – an urban perspective. In: Oxford Textbook of Nature and Public Health: The role of nature in improving the health of a population. Eds: van den Bosch M, Bird W. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. 2018:255-263.

Climate change perspective: Health risks of climate change. Health co-benefits of climate              change adaptation and mitigation actions and policies.

  • Lancet Countdown: Lindgren E, Nilsson M, Rocklöv J (2017). Lancet Countdown on Health and Climate Change: Briefing for Swedish policymakers. November 2017.
  • IPCC AR5 WG II Report (2014): Hijioka, Y., E. Lin, J.J. Pereira, R.T. Corlett, X. Cui, G.E. Insarov, R.D. Lasco, E. Lindgren, and A. Surjan. IPCC 2014: Asia. In: Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part B: Regional Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Barros, V.R., C.B. Field, D.J. Dokken, M.D. Mastrandrea, K.J. Mach, T.E. Bilir, M. Chatterjee, K.L. Ebi, Y.O. Estrada, R.C. Genova, B. Girma, E.S. Kissel, A.N. Levy, S. MacCracken, P.R. Mastrandrea, and L.L. White (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, pp. pp. 1327-1370. 
  • Nichols GL, Andersson Y, Lindgren E, Devaux I, Semenza JC (2014). European Monitoring Systems and Data for Assessing Environmental and Climate Impacts on Human Infectious Diseases. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2014, 11(4) 3894 -3936; doi:10.3390/ijerph110403894.
  • Ebi KL, Lindgren E, Suk JE, Semenza JC (2013). Adaptation to the infectious disease impacts of climate change. Climatic Change 2013;118(2):355-365.
  • Lindgren E (2012). Water-related health effects of climate change in Sweden. In: Impact of climate change on water and health. Grovers V (ed). CRC Press, 2012.
  • Lindgren E, Andersson Y, Suk JE, Sudre B, Semenza JC (2012). Monitoring EU emerging infectious disease risk due to climate change. Science 2012;336(6080):418-419 + 2 web annexes.
  • Semenza JC, Suk JE, Estevez V, Ebi K, Lindgren E (2012). Mapping climate change vulnerabilities to infectious diseases in Europe. Environmental health perspectives 2012; 120(3):385-392.
  • Lindgren E, Andersson Y. Guidance on surveillance strategies for infectious disease and climate change in Europe. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control ECDC Technical Document.
  • McMichael AJ, Lindgren E (2011). Climate change: present and future risks to health, and necessary responses. Journal of internal medicine 2011 Nov;270(5):401-413. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2796.2011.02415.x. Epub 2011 Jul 13.
  • Lindgren E, Albihn A, Andersson Y (2010). Climate change, water-related health impacts, and adaptation. In: Climate change adaptation in developed nations. Ford JD and Ford LB (eds). Springer Verlag, 2010.
  • Jaenson TG, Lindgren E (2010). The range of Ixodes ricinus and the risk of contracting Lyme borreliosis will increase northwards when the vegetation period becomes longer. Ticks and tick-borne diseases 2011 Mar;2(1):44-49. Doi:10.1016/j.ttbdis.2010.10.006.
  • Löndahl J, Swietlicki E, Lindgren E, Loft S (2010). Aerosol exposure versus aerosol cooling of climate: what is the optimal emission reduction strategy for human health? Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2010; 10:9441 -9449, doi:10.5194/acp-10-9441-2010.
  • Lindgren E, Ebi KL (2010). Climate change and communicable diseases in the EU Member States; Handbook for national vulnerability, impact and adaptation assessments. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control ECDC Technical Document, Stockholm March 2010.
  • Chapter in the WHO Report to the CEHAPIS project (EC-funded Climate, Environment and Health Action Plan and Information System project): Chapter: Climate change, vector-borne diseases, and adaptation in the EU Member States. World Health Organization, May 2009. WHO-ECEH.
  • Gray JS, Dautel H, Estrada-Pena A, Kahl O, Lindgren E (2009). Effects of climate change on ticks and tick-borne diseases in Europe. Interdisciplinary perspectives on infectious diseases 2009;2009:593232. Doi10.1155/2009/593232.
  • The Swedsih Scientific Council on Climate Issues (2007). Report: Scientific basis for climate policy. Environmentaö Advisory Council 2007:3; pp184.
  • Lindgren E, Naucke T, Davies C, Desjeux P, Marty P, Menne B (2006). Leishmaniasis: Influence of climate and climate change, epidemiology, ecology, and adaptation measures. In: Menne B, Ebi KL, eds. Climate change and adaptation strategies for human health, Springer, Darmstadt, 2006: 131-156.
  • Lindgren E, Jaenson TGT (2006). Lyme borreliosis. In: Menne B, Ebi KL, eds. Climate change and adaptation strategies for human health, Springer, Darmstadt, 2006: 157-188.
  • Lindgren E, Jaenson TGT (2004). Lyme borreliosis in Europe: influences of climate and climate change, epidemiology, ecology and adaptation measures. World Health Organization WHO Report, WHO Regional Office for Europe 2004 [EUR/04/5046250].
  • Daniel M, Ebi KL, Hajat S, Kriz B, Koppe C, Lindgren E, Menne B. (2002) Global change and health in Europe. The WHO European Bulletin on Environment and Health.    
  • Lindgren E, Gustafson R (2001). Tick-borne encephalitis in Sweden and climate change. Lancet 2001 Jul 7;358(9275):16-18.
  • IPCC TAR III, WG II Report (2001): McMichael A, Githeko A, Akhtar R, Carcavallo R, Gubler D, Haines A, Kovats RS, Martens P, Patz J, Sasaki A, Ebi KL, Focks D, Kalkstein L, Lindgren E, Lindsay S, Sturrock R. Human health. In: Climate Change 2001: Impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC WG II). James J. McCarthy, Osvaldo F. Canziani, Neil A. Leary, David J. Dokken and Kasey S. White (Eds.). Cambridge University Press, UK, 2001: 451-485.
  • Lindgren E, Tälleklint L, Polfeldt T (2000). Impact of climatic change on the northern latitude limit and population density of the disease-transmitting European tick Ixodes ricinus. Environmental Health Perspectives 2000 Feb;108(2):119-123.
  • Ahmed AK, Bertollini R, Braun-Fahrlander C, Ciotti M, Haines A, Jendritsky G, Katsouyanni K, Kovats RS, Kriz B, Kuchuk A, Lindgren E, Martens WJM, Menne B, McMichael AJ, Nikolaeva NV, Patz JA, Peatfield AC, Sloof R, Soskolne C, Stanwell-Smith R, van Loveren H, Tschirley J, Zwick A (1999). WHO Background document: Early Human Health Effects of Climate Change and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion in Europe, to the Third Ministerial Conference on Environment and Health in Europe, London, June 1999 World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, WHO, Copenhagen, April 1999.
  • Lindgren  E (1998). Climate and tick-borne encephalitis. Conservation Ecology (Ecology and Society) 1998; 2(1)5-19. Available from: URL:
  • Lindgren E (1998). Climate Change, Tick-Borne Encephalitis, and Vaccination Needs in Sweden - a prediction model. Ecological Modelling 1998; 110: 55-63.

Food perspective: Healthy sustainable food systems and diets

  • Lindgren E, Harris F, Dangour AD, Gasparatos A, Hiramatsu M, Javadi F, Loken B, Murakami T, Scheelbeek P, Haines A (2018). Sustainable food systems – a health perspective. Sustainability Science. Published online 12 June 2018. DOI: 10.1007/s11625-018-0586-x

Nature and health perspective: Nature's positive impacts on health

  • Lindgren E, Elmqvist T (2017). Ecosystem services and human health. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science. March 2017.
  • MA Report (2005): Corvalan C, Hales S, Woodward A, Campbell-Lendrum D, Ebi KL, De Avila Pires F, Soskolne CL, Butler C, Githeko A, Lindgren E, Parkes M. Consequences and Options for Human Health. In: Millenium Ecosystem Assessment Report; Ecosystems and human well-being: Policy responses, volume 3. Island Press, 2005: 467-488.
  • McMichael AJ, Bolin B, Costanza R, Daily G, Folke C, Lindahl-Kiessling K, Lindgren E, Niklasson B (1999). Globalization and sustainability of human health: An ecological perspective. BioScience 1999; 49(3):205-210.
  • Lindgren E (1996). Emergence of new infectious diseases due to human-induced ecosystem changes. In: Follér M, Hansson LO, editors. Human ecology and health, adaptation to a changing world. Gothenburg: Gothenburg University Press; 1996. p. 45-56.

Infectious disease perspective: Global changes, health threats and epidemics

  • Semenza JC, Sewe MO, Lindgren E, Aaslav KK, Rocklöv J (2019). Systemic resilience to cross-border infectious disease threat events in Europe. Transboundary and emerging diseases. Sep; 66(5):1855-1863. Doi: 10.1111/tbed.13211. Epub 2019 May 17.  
  • Semenza JC, Rocklöv J, Penttinen P, Lindgren E (2016). Observed and projected drivers of emerging infectious diseases in Europe. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 2016;1382(1):73–83.
  • Semenza JC, Lindgren E, Balkanyi L, Espinosa L, Almqvist MS, Penttinen P, Rocklöv J (2016). Determinants and drivers of infectious disease threat events in Europe. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2016; 22(4): 581-589.
  • Jaenson TGT, Jaenson DG, Eisen L, Petersson E, Lindgren E (2012). Changes in the geographical distribution and abundance of the tick Ixodes ricinus during the past 30 years in Sweden. Parasites & vectors 2012 Jan 10;5:8. Doi:10.1186/1756-335-5-8.
  • Jaenson TG, Eisen L, Comsted P, Mejlon HA, Lindgren E, Bergström S, Olsen B (2009). Risk indicators for the tick Ixodes ricinus and Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in Sweden. Medical and veterinary entomology 2009;23(3):226-237.

In Swedish

  • Lindgren E. Klimatförändringar och barns hälsa – vad vet vi? Barnläkaren 2016; 3: 13-14.
  • Lindgren E. Hälso- och sjukvården bör förbereda sig för ändrat klimat. Läkartidningen 2014;111(14):619-623.
  • Svensdotter M, Lindgren E. Hälsoeffekter av ett förändrat klimat – risker och åtgärder i Stockholms län. Länsstyrelsen i Stockholms Län, 2012.
  • Lindgren E. Second meeting of the ECDC expert group on climate change Stockholm, 15–16 November 2011. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control ECDC Meeting Report 2011.
  • Albihn A, Andersson Y, Lindgren E. Klimaforandringer – hvad sker der med dyresundheden? Dyrlægemagasinet. 2009;6(1):6-14.
  • Lindgren E, Albihn A, Andersson Y, Forsberg B, Olsson G, Rocklöv J. Ändrat klimat får konsekvenser för hälsoläget i Sverige. Läkartidningen 2008 Jul 9-22;105(28-29):2018-2023.
  • Albihn A, Andersson Y, Lindgren E. Klimatförändringen – vad händer med djurhälsan? Svensk Veterinärtidning 2008;7:11-20.
  • Sennerby Forsse L, Azar C, Bergström S, Biel A, Brännlund R, Eckerberg K, Johansson TB, Källén E, Leck C, Lindgren E, Rummukainen M. Vetenskapligt underlag för klimatpolitiken. Rapport från Vetenskapliga rådet för klimatfrågor. Miljövårdsberedningens rapport 2007:03, Miljödepartementet, September 2007.
  • Lindgren E, Albihn A, Andersson Y. Hälsoeffekter av en klimatförändring i Sverige. En nationell utvärdering av hälsokonsekvenser hos människa och djur. Risker, anpassningsbehov och kostnader. Klimat och sårbarhetsutredningen. Miljödepartementet. SOU 2007:60, Bilaga B 34, 1-159.
  • Sennerby Forsse L, Azar C, Bergström S, Biel A, Brännlund R, Eckerberg K, Johansson TB, Källén E, Leck C, Lindgren E, Rummukainen M. Sveriges mål för klimatpolitiken sätts inte av forskare. Miljörapporten 2007; 9 Oct.
  • Lindgren E. Globala hälsoeffekter av en klimatförändring. Framtider 2007; nr 1:12-16.
  • Lindgren E, Jaenson TGT. Fästing- och myggöverförda infektionssjukdomar i ett kommande, varmare klimat i Sverige. Entomologisk tidskrift. 2006;127(1-2):21-30.
  • Ekéus R, Lindgren E, Larsson P. DN-debatt: Hälsokonsekvenser och säkerhetsrisker pga av klimatförändringar. Dagens Nyheter 12 juli 2005.
  • Lindgren E. Malarians återkomst, utbrott av denguefeber. Möjliga hälsoeffekter av klimatförändring i Europa, enligt WHO. Läkartidningen. 2000 Apr 12;97(15):1840, 1843-1844.
  • McMichael AJ, Bolin B, Costanza R, Daily G, Folke C, Lindahl-Kiessling K, Lindgren E, Niklasson B. Globalization and sustainability of human health: An ecological perspective. Beijer Reprint Series No. 111, 1999. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
  • McMichael AJ, Bolin B, Costanza R, Daily G, Folke C, Lindahl-Kiessling K, Lindgren E, Niklasson B. Sustainable Health in a Globalised World. Beijer Discussion paper no. 87, 1996. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
  • Lindgren E. Global klimatförändring på väg. Internationellt möte ringer i varningsklockan. Läkartidningen 1995 Nov 22;92(47):4462- 4464.
  • Lindgren E, Pershagen G. Joniserande strålning, magnetfält och cancer hos barn. Läkartidningen. 1992 Dec 9;89(50):4343- 4344.
  • Lindgren E. Miljöfaktorer och cancer hos barn. [Environmental factors and childhood cancer]. Institutet för Miljömedicin. Karolinska Institutet. IMM rapport 3, 1992 (ISSN-1101-2803).

Academic thesis

  • Lindgren E. The new environmental context for disease transmission, with case studies on climate change and tick-borne encephalitis. Doctoral thesis in Natural Resources Management. Stockholm University, June 2000.
  • Lindgren E. Environmental change and vector-borne diseases. Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University. Licentiate in Philosophy thesis 1996:10.